Inaugurated: 21st April 1960
Area: 5.789,16 Sq. Km.
Population: 2.2 Million
Population Density: 369,85 Inhabitant
per Sq. Km.
Altitude: 1.172 meters
Climate: tropical, continental altitude,
with two distinct seasons. The rainy season, from
November to March; and the dry season. The relative
air humidity in the dry season is distinctively low.
The average temperature ranges between 18 Centigrades
and 22 Centigrades. The relative air humidity is between
40% and 70%.
Total Preserved Green Area: 26.813
Area Preserved per Resident: 121
GDP (Gross Domestic Product): 2.6%
Quality of Life
The Federal District ranks very high for its quality
of life with the Human Development Index (HDI) of
the United Nations, averaging 0.844. It ranks the
highest of Brazil, and is four times the percentage
required by the World Health Organization.
The Federal District has also the highest per capita
income in the country, with earnings reaching double
the average Brazilian wage anywhere else. Brasília
is considered, therefore, the fourth city with the
greatest buying power in the country.
As far as education is concerned, the Federal District
has the lowest rate of illiteracy in the country,
and the highest rate of school attendance amongst
young people. It also has 360 dancing and gymnastic
schools, with about 120,000 members.
There is a very good network of hotels of excellent
quality throughout the city. These are managed by
both national and international chains. In the 'Plano
Piloto' there are 47 hotels, with a total available
number of rooms reaching 8,718 apartments, that is,
27,000 rooms. The hotels occupy about 900,000 Sq.
Metres. The hotel property market is estimated to
reach R$ 1.2 billion. These are hotels ranging from
2 to 5 stars, with an income per house of about R$
265 million. This is about R$ 20 million per month,
and a contribution to public funds of about R$ 20
Together these hotels directly employ about 5,500
people and 33,000 indirectly. In the last 3 years
the network of hotels have doubled its facilities
available for visitors, going from 4,603 apartments
to 8,718 apartments. It is expected that six new hotels
or apart-hotels will be opened in the 'Plano Piloto'
in the next three years.
The hotel sites outside the Federal District in the
'satelite' towns nearby, and in the further towns
from the Plano Piloto, add 34 more hotels to the list,
with 12,000 rooms; if motels, clubs with sleeping
facilities, training areas, campuses, Bed and Breakfasts,
youth hostels, were to be added to the list, the number
increases to about 300 establishments.
Brasília has a special 'tourist' police force,
known as the GPTur. There are more than 70 policemen
who speak fluently one or more foreign languages.
They are in charge of policing the tourist points
in the city. 80% of these policemen have a university
degree or equivalent, and have gone through some specific
training on how to deal with tourists. Some of them
speak three or more of the most spoken languages in
the world, such as English, French, Spanish, Italian,
Russian and Hebrew. Some even speak Mandarin, a Chinese
dialect. They also support and give special guidance
to people visiting Brasília.
Available Spaces for
Brasília has auditoriums, social clubs, stadiums,
gymnasiums, meeting rooms in hotels, business centres,
large rooms for entertainment, rooms for shows, and
mansions for holding special social events. Altogether
there are a total of 460 available places.
The “Parque de Exposições da Granja
do Torto” is one of the most sought after venues
for bigger events, due to the quality of its facilities.
Some of the regular events taking place at the Parque
are Agricultural Shows and Rodeos.